Sugar Ants

Sugar ants appear in different forms, varying from 5 to 15 millimeters in length. Sugar ant colonies have two types of workers: minor workers and major workers that have different size ranges. The two can be identified easily, due to the workers being smaller and slender, while the soldiers are larger and more robust. Nests are found in a variety of sites, examples being holes in wood, roots of plants, twigs of trees, shrubs, between rocks, in the soil, and under paving stones. Sometimes, sugar ant colonies form small mounds. The banded sugar ant is considered a household pest and is occasionally seen in houses at night. They are capable of damaging furniture and fittings by chewing the wood. These ants do not pose any threat to humans, as they are incapable of stinging and can only spray formic acid. However, the larger soldiers are capable of inflicting a painful bite with their powerful jaws, and the formic acid they spray is corrosive to human skin.

 

Carpenter Ants

Carpenter ants are a social species of insect that live in large colonies and work together to excavate wood and create neat tunnels and nesting areas within the wood. It is important to note that carpenter ants do not eat the wood that they excavate. These ants are generally black in color, but can be red, black or a combination of both. These ants are about 1/4 of inch in length with a queen being 3/4 of inch in length. Carpenter ants are not considered to be dangerous to people and they generally do not bite. However, carpenter ants are dangerous to the structure of homes. The tunnels that they excavate throughout the wood in a house can weaken its structural integrity and be quite expensive to repair.

 

Bed Bugs

Bedbugs are small, flat, wingless insects with six legs that feed on blood from animals or people. They range in color from almost white to brown, but they turn rusty red after feeding. Bed bugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floor, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs in her lifetime. Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through luggage, used bed/furniture, clothing, and a number of other items. Their bodies make it possible for them to fit into tiny spaces. Common hiding spots for bedbugs are typically in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards. If one is prone to sleeping on their couch the bed bugs will infest there as well. Without the proper treatment, over time they could scatter throughout the bedroom and into a new location of the house. If you live in a multi-unit complex they could even make it to a neighboring unit. . Bed bugs are mainly active at night and usually bit people while they are sleeping. They pierce the skin and withdraw blood through their elongated beak. The bed bug will feed on their human meal ticket anywhere from 3 min to 10 min.

 

Black Widows

Black widows are notorious spiders identified by the colored, hourglass-shaped mark on their abdomens. Several species answer to the name, and they are found in temperate regions around the world.

This spider’s bite is much feared because its venom is reported to be 15 times stronger than a rattlesnake’s. In humans, bites produce muscle aches, nausea, and a paralysis of the diaphragm that can make breathing difficult; however, contrary to popular belief, most people who are bitten suffer no serious damage—let alone death. But bites can be fatal—usually to small children, the elderly, or the infirm.

 

Brown Recluse Spider

Brown recluse spiders are not typical to Western Montana.

 

Hobo Spiders

There is no difference in size between male and female Hobo Spiders. The male Hobo Spider is responsible for most bites, as it enters homes in search of females.

 

Bees

Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants.  Bees are known for their role in pollination, as well as, for producing honey and beeswax. There are nearly 20,000 known species of bees in seven to nine recognized families, though many are undescribed and the actual number of species is probably higher. Bees are found on every continent with the exception of Antarctica and in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants.

 

Wasps

The various species of wasps fall into one of two main categories: solitary wasps and social wasps. Adult solitary wasps live and operate alone. Most do not construct nests. All adult solitary wasps are fertile. By contrast, social wasps exist in colonies numbering up to several thousand strong and build nests. However in some cases not all of the colonies wasps can reproduce. In the more advanced species, just the wasp queen and male wasps can mate, whilst the majority of the colony is made up of sterile female workers.

 

Spider Mites

Spider mites are classed as a type of arachnid. Additionally, spider mites are related to a number of other insects that include: spiders, ticks, daddy-longlegs, and scorpions. Spider mites are small and often difficult to see with the unaided eye. Their colors range from red and brown to yellow and green. The change of appearance will vary from the species of spider mite and seasonal changes.

Many spider mites produce webbing, particularly when they occur in high populations. This webbing gives the mites and their eggs some protection from natural enemies and environmental fluctuations. Webbing produced by spiders, as well as fluff produced by cottonwoods, often is confused with the webbing of spider mites.

 

Boxelders Bugs

Boxelder bugs are a nuisance in and around homes from fall through early spring. The bug overwinters as an adult in protected places such as, but not limited to, houses or office buildings. Removing female boxelder trees is the most permanent solution to the problem, although this option may not be practical or desirable. Additionally, laundry detergents offer safe, effective control when applied directly to the insects

For most people, the boxelder bug needs no introduction. This bug is about 1/2 inch long as an adult, black, will display three red lines on the thorax (the part just behind the head), a red line along each side, and a diagonal red line on each wing. Their immature forms are smaller, they are easily distinguished from the adults by their red abdomens and lack of wings.

 

Earwigs

In a season, females reproduce up to 20-60 eggs laid in burrows (called chambers), 2 to 3 inches beneath the soil. Usually only removed by a professional exterminator.

 

Centipedes

Centipedes kill and eat a variety of things, like bedbugs, termites, silverfish, spiders, and even roaches. So if you have centipedes around your home or office you have a much larger problem than just centipedes. Odds are you have up to 5 other types of insects that are food sources for aid centipede.

 

Roly-Pollies

Roly-poly bugs are a pest category of occasional invaders. They are crustaceans closely related to crayfish & shrimp, more so than to that of insects. A pill-bug has the ability to roll its body into a ball resembling a small pill.  They prefer damp areas, which is why they are often found invading homes through openings close to patio doors, laundry rooms, and basements.